Do pepper plants grow back every year? Let’s get the answers to that here. Pepper is both classified as a fruit according to botany and a vegetable according to the culinary definition.
It’s a great feeling to plant, grow, nurture and then begin to harvest your vegetables. What is more tempting is wishing you could keep your healthy vegetables growing year after year. This applies to most pepper farmers, as the plant is a slow grower, which makes it a desire to want it to keep growing.
It will be nice if pepper plants do grow back every year. If you live in a region where the winter is not so serious, you will definitely give it a thought. The thing is, in most parts of North America and any other place where the winter is really serious, pepper plants won’t be able to survive if they are left outside.
The best thing is to bring your pepper plants indoors and provide them with the best indoor care, especially if they are the potted indoor variety.
Keep reading to get more answers to the question: Do pepper plants grow back every year? You will also get some tips for keeping your pepper growing year after year.
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Do Pepper Plants Grow Back Every Year?
Normally, all kinds of pepper are grown as annuals by most growers. Pepper is sown, grown, picked, and then thrown into the compost heap when the season ends.
But the truth of the matter is that pepper plants are perennials that if you grow them and give them in the appropriate conditions, they can grow every year.
The Ideal Conditions To Help Pepper Grow Back Every Year
As we mentioned, it is possible for pepper plants to grow every year if you provide them with good conditions. So, let’s take a look at how to be successful at growing peppers in any type of climatic condition.
1. The Growing Temperature Do Pepper Plants Grow Back Every Year?
Peppers are perennials which can come back in the spring after being dormant in the previous season. This will be surprising to many North American gardeners. Peppers are mostly grown as annuals in the United States and most temperate regions in other parts of the world.
This is because the plant will die when temperatures dip low, especially during low winter temperatures and shorter days. Peppers can’t survive the cold winter let alone during when it’s freezing cold.
In fact, during a temperature as low as 55 degrees Fahrenheit and below, it will be a waste of time sowing seeds directly into the soil. The seeds won’t even germinate at all. And this will also have you wondering if pepper plants really do grow back every year.
You can, however, proffer a solution of laying down black plastic mulch or other non-treated mulch to keep the soil temperature warm with a heating pad.
2. Soil And Fertilizer Type
The ideal soil for growing peppers successfully is a bit slightly acidic soil with pH levels 6.5-7. Before transplanting seedlings, endeavor to break the soil up. This will help get their roots established.
Breaking up the soil before transplanting, will also drain well as well as retain moisture. The best type of fertilizer for peppers is compost. You can as well conduct a soil test before adding fertilizer to the soil.
For example, if the test shows that the soil is lacking in phosphorus, a fertilizer with phosphorus can be added to the soil. Otherwise, if the reverse is the case, there will be no need to add phosphorus to the soil. Another thing is that you need to be cautious when adding nitrogen to the soil as too much nitrogen can make the plant produce large foliage.
Read more about Can Compost Worms Survive Winter?
3. Availability Of Sunlight And Water Do Pepper Plants Grow Back Every Year?
For a successfully grown pepper plant, full sunlight of about six to eight hours must be available to the plants. Or rather, provide a grow light and make sure the soil temperature is constantly around 80 degrees Fahrenheit if you’re starting your pepper seeds indoors.
Pepper plants also need constant thorough moisture. This can be achieved by not letting the soil become damp. You can encourage healthy root development by watering deeply. Too much watering may not be required during rainy seasons.
And if you’re growing your pepper plants in sandy soil, watering will be needed more frequently. This is because, unlike loam or clay, sand cannot retain moisture.
4. Prepare Your Plants Before Overwintering
It is better to plant your pepper in pots or portable raised beds if you’re planning to save them for another year.
You can also re-transplant mature plants that were planted directly in the ground. However, re-transplanting pepper plants may lead to damaging the plants’ roots badly.
5. Move Pepper Plants Indoors
Peppers can’t tolerate frost; hence the temperature doesn’t need to become freezing cold before they begin to die off. When the temperature constantly dips low to around 55-65 degrees Fahrenheit, move them indoors.
It doesn’t even have to be inside the house. It could be a secluded spot or covered place that can shield the plants from the chilly temperatures.
So, when the sunlight your plants usually receive per day doesn’t stay constant at six to eight hours anymore, it indicates that your pepper plants should be moved indoors.
Also, when you move them indoors during frost, you can use a heating pad under your pot to provide heat.
Perennial Pepper Plants: Cold-hardy Pepper Varieties
There are pepper varieties that are cold-resistant, early maturers, and those that can adapt to so many conditions.
So, choosing any of these types of varieties will also help increase your chances of being successful at overwintering and growing back every year. Gardeners in the northern region will love the idea of planting these varieties, especially in regions where they have short growing seasons.
There are also cold-tolerant varieties that can tolerate both cold and heat. You will also get to enjoy most of the cold-tolerant varieties because they are either mild or sweet.
So, examples of cold-tolerant pepper varieties are ratund, highlander, chile peppers, Carmen, ace, and obriy.
Conclusion On: Do Pepper Plants Grow Back Every Year?
To conclude on the answer to your question; Do pepper plants grow back every year? Be rest assured that even if pepper plants are grown as annuals in most regions, you can successfully grow them as perennials.
How do I save pepper plants for next year?
You can save your pepper for the next year by supplying adequate growing conditions to your pepper plants. Pepper is naturally a perennial crop so it’s possible to grow them for the following year.
How many years can pepper plants live?
The duration pepper plant can live is between 1.5 years to 3 years. So, this shows that pepper plants are perennials if you provide them with the right growing conditions to live through another year.
Will pepper plants come back after winter?
If you expose your pepper plant to chilly temperatures, they may not survive. So, your pepper plant may not come back after winter. This is why you need to shelter your pepper plant if you want them to overwinter.