One popular pepper that is fried and eaten in Italian cuisine is the Italian long hot pepper plants. These peppers have now become so popular in the United States dishes because of their versatility. They are also common used as essential staples in most cooking even all around the world.
These Italian long hot peppers are loved by many because of their added spicy flavor and the rich and complex look it gives any dish.
If you’re looking to grow hot peppers, then the Italian long pepper plant will be an amazing addition to your pepper and vegetable garden.
What Are Italian Long Hot Pepper Plants?
Italian long hot pepper (Capsicum annuum) is also known as Italian long hot chili peppers, Italian frying peppers, cubanelle peppers, Italian roster peppers, and long hot peppers.
Italian long hot pepper plants have their fruit as elongated, curved, slender, and straight pods. They will grow typically around 6 to 8 inches long and are slightly wrinkled and mostly curvy. The shape of this Italian pepper fruit may look awkward but hey, that’s what makes them so special.
What Are Italian Roaster Pepper Used For?
Even though they are known as hot long peppers, their spice is mild. They have that distinctive flavor that will leave your dish tasting great. Now when you roast them, they will give you that smoky sweetness that you will never forget.
They will ripe from green to red and green is their young phase, while bright red is their matured phase. They can be used either as green or red for cooking. These Italian peppers are ideal for stuffed long hot peppers, sandwiches, grilling, hoagies, pizza, and so on. So they are perfect for both frying and slicing.
The Italian roaster peppers can as well be added to pasta, sauces, marinades, and salsa in chopped and puree forms.
If you’re adding them to meals when cooking, they will be entirely incorporated including their skin and seeds. Because of their mild spicy and sweet tasting flavor, they can be used in large amounts for salads and appetizers.
However, because of their slender body and inner walls, they don’t have adequate space or capacity to withstand fillings.
Tips On How To Grow Italian Long Hot Pepper Seeds
Plant when the soil and weather is warm. About 3 seeds of the Italian long hot pepper should be sown a quarter-inch deep into the soil. Ensure you use a well-draining soil mix. You can use a soil mix of equal part of sphagnum peat moss, perlite, and compost. Then work the soil properly.
If you wish, you can divide your garden in rows of shallow planting furrows with a garden hoe. Space your plant about 24 inches between plant rows. The furrow dept should be around 4 inches into the soil. Each plant’s distance should be about 18 inches.
The seeds can be germinated indoors and transplanted outdoors. If you’re sowing seeds outdoors, the seeds should be spaced evenly and appropriately to allow air circulation.
As your plant grows, water the plant root directly. You need to retain an evenly moist soil. more watering is required during hot seasons, and less watering around spring months or raining periods. However, avoid overwatering to prevent root rot.
Supply With Full Sun
You should plant in an area where there is the full sun because this pepper loves warm conditions. Supply your long pepper with at least 6 hours of direct sunlight. The ideal temperatures should be around 70 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. The best germinating temperatures for peppers are around 80 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit. But this may be hard to achieve except you’re growing with a germinating heating pad.
Once the seeds have sprouted, move and transplant them outdoors. Do this when the average temperature around the night period is around 55 degrees warm. Also, ensure your planting site receives with full sun.
Mulch your soil to prevent weeds and maintain moisture. You should apply about 2 to 4-inch layer of mulch around your plant soil. if you notice any weed, ensure you take them out.
Your pepper will require supports as they grow. So drive a stake into the ground a couple of inches from your plant stem. Begin staking when your pepper has grown a bit and reached its young stage.
Once they begin to flower, they will need fertilization to produce optimally. Use a complete fertilizer containing NPK (nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium) of ratio 5:10:10. The nitrogen value should be low because too much nitrogen can cause excess leaf growth rather than flowering or fruiting.
Growth And Harvesting
The long hot pepper seeds will yield pepper fruits of 6 to 8 inches long. At this stage, they are already ripe.
The Italian long hot pepper plants will take about 60 to 70 days to attain maturity. The plant will begin producing its hot pepper fruits by first turning yellow-green then orange, and finally, bright red when it’s fully ripe. You can either harvest them they are plump green or matured bright red. When harvesting, cut the stem and don’t pull the plant to prevent injuring the plant.
We also recommend you wear a pair of gloves to protect your hands from this hot pepper. You can as well put on some goggles to protect your eyes if need be. Wash your hands appropriately after picking your peppers.
Harvesting should be done every 2 to 3 days to promote continuous or more flower and pepper production.
Conclusion On Italian Long Hot Pepper Plants
The Italian long hot pepper plants will produce thin hot pepper for your culinary needs. They are so easy to grow indoors hydroponically or in your traditional outdoor garden and they won’t give you much stress. All you need do is to supply them with good sunlight.