Raising Salmon At Home

Salmon is one of the most consumed foods and the most imported seafood in the US. Getting started with raising salmon at home is not so complicated with the right knowledge and we will enlighten you on this.

You can raise salmon fish at home or in your backyard pond. Therefore, this will be an amazing way of obtaining fresh and locally made salmon fish for consumption or simply raise as pets.

Table of Contents

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Materials Needed for Raising Salmon at Home

The following materials are required for getting started with raising salmon at home:

  • Fish tanks or aquarium
  • Incubation tray
  • Styrofoam
  • Water
  • Salmon eggs

Tetra Aquarium 20 Gallon Fish Tank Kit

How to Raise Salmon at Home

Home fish farming is an awesome experience. One of the best ways of raising salmon at home is through the use of closed containment. Raising salmon in a solid closed tank or containment will mainly protect the eggs from pathogens or diseases.

Another benefit of raising salmon from tanks at home is there will be fewer needs of chemicals. Therefore, you enjoy your salmon fish fresh, safe, and healthier. So, here are the tips to guide you in raising salmon fish at home.

Stages

1.    Incubation Stage

Growing salmon can take up to two years from the egg stage. The stages begin from the egg and they are placed in the incubation tank. Ensure you rinse the tank with water before placing your salmon eggs. You can also clean the front of the tank or aquarium to have a clear vision.

The eggs are in the incubation trays for about 6 to 8 weeks. The tank can be covered with Styrofoam to prevent light from entering allowing the egg to incubate. Put some gravel or rocks in the tank as the eggs will live under the rocks feeding on their yolk. As the eggs of salmon are allowed to hatch, ensure you monitor as the eggs progress.

The eggs will hatch and turn into alevin and they are at the alevin stage for 30 to 50 days. They prefer to be in the dark at the alevin stage.

Incubation Stage

Also, make sure you remove the eggs shells and less active eggs or dead eggs as they hatch daily. The alevin now develops into young fish called fry. You can then remove the Styrofoam after they are done hatching.

Read more about 5 Best Hydroponic Kits You Can Find

2.    Fry System

The young fish are now moved into the fry tank for a period of 6 to 7 months. In the fry system or tank, the fry’s are then ready for their first feeding.

3.    Feeding Stage

When the fish has fed on their egg sac, you can now proceed to drop food in their tank. The fry’s are feed with commercial fish feeds which are made to fit the life stages of the various fish sizes. The fish feed sizes range from crumbs to pellet size.

4.    Fingerlings Tank

They are then transferred into the fingerlings tank for 5 months.

5.    Smoltification Stage

As the fish grow in size and reach about 40 grams, smoltification is induced. Smotification is an advanced series in which the fish undergo a biochemical, physiological, and morphological transformation.

When smoltification has taken place, the fish are known as smolt. Salmon smolt is preferred in aquaculture or aquaponics reason being they grow faster.

Smoltification Stage

6.    Fish Sampling

A sampling of the salmon fish is carried out every two months to keep a good eye on their performance rate. When the fish reach 700grams to 800 grams, they can now be moved to the grow-out tanks.

7.    Growout tank

They are now about a year old and transferred to the grow-out tank. Sampling is again done every two months and they can spend 12 months or more here based on the target size you want.

8.    Harvest

When your salmon fish has grown to the preferred target size of about 10 to 12 pounds, you can proceed to harvest.

Learn about Where To Buy Fish For Aquaponics System

Can salmon be kept as pets?

What about the health of salmon? Salmon are not suitable for pet keeping. They are cold blooded and have a low tolerance for stress. They should be kept in temperatures between 26-29°C. This is because they have a higher metabolic rate than other fish species. When their body temperature drops, they start to shiver and their metabolism increases. This causes a rapid increase in metabolism and the production of lactic acid. The accumulation of lactic acid causes a lack of oxygen in the blood and eventually leads to death. If you keep salmon as a pet, you should also have some experience with fish keeping.

How do you make a salmon farm?

e are going to break down the process into three parts: planning, building and operating. To start planning your salmon farm you need to look at your specific needs and what your budget will be. You also want to take into consideration how many fish you want to produce and how large they will be. The more salmon that are produced the more space you will have to build your facility. You may also consider how big the fish will get.  The second step is to build the facility. You will need to decide on the location of your farm. You will need to make sure that the area is safe for the fish and the equipment. You may want to look into the possibility of having a power source. This can be very important if you need to provide electrical service to the farm. You may also want to look into purchasing your own generators. These are very important when you start producing fish because the electricity may not always be available. Finally you need to consider how you will operate your farm. You will need to make sure that you have enough room to store all of the equipment and supplies that you will need. You will also need to make sure that your facilities are up to code, and that you have enough staff to run the farm. You will also need to make sure that you have enough water to keep the fish alive.

How long does it take a salmon to grow?

Salmon are anadromous fish, meaning they spawn in fresh water and live in the ocean. Salmon typically grow very fast during their first year, and then grow very slowly during their second year.  The average length of a salmon at age one is 2-3 inches long and at age two is 3-4 inches long. After age three, most salmon begin to grow more slowly, with growth rates similar to other fish species.

Why is salmon farming good?

The most important reason why we are in favour of the salmon farming industry is because it has brought about a sustainable future for wild fish stocks. It has allowed for an increase in salmon production, whilst at the same time ensuring that there is no over-fishing of wild stocks. This has led to more and more wild stocks being left to grow naturally in their natural environment, rather than being fished out and wiped from the face of the Earth. The most famous example of this is probably the Fraser River sockeye salmon, which was once in such danger of extinction that its population was reduced to less than 10 fish. However, with the help of the salmon farming industry, it now numbers in excess of 100,000 fish, and has been left to grow naturally without being fished out.

Additional Note on Raising Salmon at Home

Ensure you keep the tank or aquarium at a convenient temperature that is suitable for your salmon fish. They are cold water-loving fish. So, you can make use of a refrigerating unit with a device capable of keeping track and controlling the temperature of the tank.

Maintain a temperature of 45 degrees Fahrenheit. Note that temperatures above 55 degrees Fahrenheit can terminate the life of your salmon fish. Therefore, always keep an eye on the temperature daily.

There should also be an aerator so your tank can have an adequate oxygen supply. Always filter the water to reduce ammonia because too much ammonium can kill your salmon fish.