Growing broccoli from seed is quite challenging for beginners but it’s not impossible for those who wish to learn how to do it.
Broccoli is a sun-loving crop that is best grown in the fall or spring. This beautiful good looking green belongs to the cabbage family. It is a close relative of cauliflower, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, and bok choy.
It is a cool weather plant that can yield one or two main harvests in a season. If properly cultivated, it can also yield mini-harvests per growing season. Once you harvest the main head, it will often keep producing smaller side shoots that you can enjoy for a long.
Brocolli is worth growing for its nutritional benefits. It is rich in vitamin A, potassium, iron, folic acid, and fiber.
Growing Broccoli from Seed Tips
Brocolli thrives in temperatures between 60 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Mature plants can thrive in the cold temperatures of up to 25 degrees Fahrenheit.
This plant is also known to be temperamental! If you plant it too early, it produces small heads called buttons. If you plant it too late, the heads do not form at all, and plants flower and go to seed.
The best time to plant early in the spring season so that it will be ready for harvest when the hot weather arrives. You can also time late spring season that will see plants mature in cool autumn weather.
Types of Broccoli Seeds to Grow
There are several types of broccoli seed varieties that you can grow. Some have larger heads while others have small. There are varieties that mature fast while others take longer. Some varieties even have purple heads.
Here are a few favorable types that you can work with:
- DIi Cicco – Classic Heirloom
- Summer purple – Larger heads
- Early heading – Early to mature
- Long harvest – Blend of early and late
- Santee F1 Purple – small but abundant
Step by Step Process of Growing Broccoli from Seed
- Your choice of broccoli seeds
- Pre-moistened soil or peat pellets
- Heat mat
Steps to Follow
Step 1: Fill the seed trays with high-quality seed starting soil. Or use pre-moistened peat pellets if that’s what you prefer.
Step 2: Plant one seed per hole by making a shallow hole in the ready soil. Drop the seed into the shallow hole or place it on top and gently press it into the soil.
Step 3: Cover the seeds with soil and gently press down to ensure it comes into contact with the seeds. Since broccoli seeds are so small, they should be planted about 1/8” to ¼” deep.
Step 4: Water the planted seeds. It is best to water the trays from the bottom up so that the soil remains undisturbed. Simply pour water into the tray and allow the soil to soak it up from the bottom.
Step 5: Keep watering when necessary to ensure the soil doesn’t dry out as the seeds germinate.
Even though it sounds easy to grow broccoli, it does require some knowledge to get the best out of your seeds. You may not get it first but rest assured the second, third, and fourth times will not be a fail!