It is essential to know how much sun does cilantro needs before planting, so you choose the right spot where it will thrive.
Cilantro is easy to grow and requires its own space in the garden where you can allow it to increase for as long as it needs.
It thrives in the cool weather of spring and fall, creating a result of lacy leaves. When the weather warms up, the plants end up being long skinny flower stalks. These bear flower clusters of pink or white blossoms later produce coriander seeds.
You can also plant cilantro in a bed devoted to herbs where it can be reseeded without disturbance. Cilantro makes a good winter companion to pansies in mild climates because these leaves can withstand a light frost.
Cilantro Vs. Coriander
Cilantro has been used for many centuries in India, Mexico, Africa, Russia, Spain, China, and many countries of Asia, especially Thailand and the Middle East. It is thought to be native to the Middle East and North Africa. In addition, cilantro has many culinary uses; cilantro seeds are used medically, especially as a sleep and digestion aid.
Almost in the whole of North America, the stalks and leaves of the Coriandrum Sativum plant are known as cilantro, while the dried seeds are known as coriander. However, different parts of the world refer to this plant as coriander and its seeds.
How Much Sunlight Does Cilantro Need?
Cilantro prefers well-drained, slightly acidic soil that contains more organic material than synthetic fertilizers. Working several inches deep of aged organic compost into the garden before planting is a good idea.
Is cilantro sun or shade tolerant? Cilantro thrives under full sun. It also accepts light shade but not more than 2 hours of shade. When sowing your seeds, choose a spot that receives full sun for about 6 hours or more.
In scorching climates, light shade works better than direct sun. One way to judge the amount of shade allowed for the growing cilantro in your zone is by measuring the air temperature. The ideal growing temperature for cilantro crops is 64 degrees Fahrenheit.
Cilantro seeds should not be sown until the last date of spring frost.
Cilantro Growing Care Under The Sun
Cilantro, also known as coriander, can be grown from nursery transplants or seeds sown directly in the garden. Plant your seeds about 2 inches apart in rows based about 12 inches apart. If you are planting in pots, use a good amount of organic potting mix. Ensure that your soil is rich enough and remains moist throughout germination and growth. When the seedlings germinate, thin them to about 6 inches apart and provide consistent moisture as they grow.
Cilantro always saves seeds, and you are likely to find a patch of cilantro producing new plants as long as you want. You can either leave the seeds to continue receding every season or harvest them and save them for planting in another season. That said, here are some essential tips on how to care for cilantro.
Provide Enough Light
Does cilantro need full sun? Cilantro loves bright indirect light, but it does not thrive under intense direct sunlight. That said, ensure that you provide your plants with a good amount of sun and shade if you live in a scorching area. However, if your location receives a minimum amount of sunlight, ensure that your cilantro receives about 6 hours of direct sunlight.
If you are growing your cilantro in container gardens, allow them to enjoy the morning sun in an east-facing window or a through a bright seal that does not get too much direct sunlight. If you plan to sow directly into the garden, plant them at a spot that receives the morning sun with afternoon shade.
Provide Rich, Well-drained Soil
Cilantro prefers a very light and fast-draining soil with plenty of sand or perlite mixed with increasing drainage. If growing in the garden, add mulch around the plants as soon as they have grown tall enough to be visible. In a container, use premium potting mix rather than the garden soil, which tends to be too heavy. Ensure that your soil is rich by adding organic, compost manure, or old animal manure.
Keep A Constant Watering Routine
Keep the soil regular moist but not soaked. Good drainage in your soil is essential as cilantro has deep roots. Ensure that you water at least an inch of water each week without fail. If your area receives too much sunlight, you can change your watering schedule to 2 to 3 inches per week.
Provide The Right Growing Temperature And Humidity
Cilantro bolts in warm weather. Once bolting happens, it changes its flavor from being sweet to bitter. Flowering will occur quickly once the temperatures are above 75 degrees Fahrenheit. For potted plants, you can extend the harvest season by keeping the plants in a controlled environment. Keep them around 70 degrees F, bringing them indoors to an air-conditioned environment when outdoor temperatures get too warm.
Fertilize Your Plants
It would help not to fertilize cilantro, but you can use organic compost manure when planting. Use liquid fertilizer or supplement the soil with controlled-release pellets if you don’t have organic manure. Feed these herbs with fertilizer at least once a month.
Most gardeners do not know that cilantro requires pruning. To extend your cilantro harvest, snip of its soft stems regularly rotating the plant to encompass the whole plant. As the young plants grow, pinch back at least an inch to encourage fuller plants.
Potting And Re-potting
Cilantro is an annual plant that grows with a deep taproot. This means it does not like re-potting and will likely be damaged at the slightest provocation. Therefore, it is best to re-pot your garden center-bought cilantro only once after bringing it home. After that, keep your plant in that container for the rest of its life. Seed-grown cilantro can transition from your seed starting pot to its permanent home in another container or the garden. Because cilantro is an annual plant, mature plants should never be re-potted. A fully mature cilantro plant can grow up to a height of 24 inches, including its flower stalks.
Cilantro leaves will be ready for harvest in about 3 to 4 weeks from the time you sow the seeds. Cilantro or coriander seeds can be harvested in about 45 days or when the plant is about 324 inches tall.
When harvesting, cut the leaves at the bottom of the plant to avoid harvesting more than 1/3 of the plant at the time. Cutting off too much can weaken the plant.
If you want to harvest, the seeds clip the seed heads and put them upside down in a paper bag. Give them a couple of days and the husks will dry, split and drop out the seeds inside the paper bag.
Cilantro Varieties You Can Grow Under The Sun
There are a few varieties that you can choose from they include
Santa – this variety has bushy leaves, and it is slow to become bitter
Calypso – this cultivar produces full plants that are among the slowest to get bitter or bolt.
Cruiser – best cultivar has full stems and large leaves and grows upright
Confetti – it is a highly ornamental variety with fern-like leaves
Leisure – it is a very standard type of cilantro that attracts beneficial insects like bees and butterflies.
How much sun does cilantro need? Let’s say enough sun. Because regions receive a varying amount of sun, it is best to ensure that your cilantro is not receiving too much or too little Sun.
Before planting your cilantro, check your area’s weather patterns to know how much sun you will receive. With this information, you will be able to decide how much sun and shade to provide.