The effect of plant growth under different colors of light spectrum plays a key role in how they flourish. As a grower, it is normal for you to want your plant to thrive beautifully, and supplying them with the appropriate colors of light is the way to go.
This is why you need to know the impact different colors of light have on the growth of your plant. In this article, we will enlighten you on how the various colors of light affect the growth of plants. So, read on to find out.
Plant Growth Under Different Colors Of Light
The varying colors of light have a tangible implication on how rapid or slow your plants will develop. All green plants require either natural sunlight or artificial light that will switch on the chlorophyll that prompts nutrients production. This is done through the process of photosynthesis.
Light also plays a crucial part in the different growth stages of your plant’s life cycle. The energy from light is captured by the green pigment chlorophyll and this light is used to manufacture food for the use of plants.
The production of this food enhances the growth of plants thereby generating more plant produce. Now, what we want to know is do all the different colors of light generate the same amount of yield for the growth of plants?
Effect Of Plant Growth Under Different Colors Of Light
The color of light has a different spectrum and plants will assimilate each color but in different amounts. The absorption rate will determine how plants will flourish under each color.
Different colors of light come in different wavelengths and it is this wavelength that will determine how plants will take in colors of light. But have in mind that the more plants absorb light the more it boosts plants’ growth.
Blue light has a short wavelength and its energy potential is great. This light is known to enhance the growth of plants and it makes plants attain maturity more rapidly. It is particularly required during the early stage of the plant.
Blue light also assists in the manufacture of chlorophyll and it helps assimilates energy for the use of photosynthesis. They are great for germinating seeds or seedlings and young plants because plants will absorb a huge amount of blue light to grow. The blue light will also boost the growth of leaves, stem, and root.
How Does Red Light Affect Plant Growth?
Red light has the longest wavelength when it comes to the color spectrum. It is great for plants’ growth but they are not so effective on their own.
So, they need to be combined with other colors especially blue light to yield excellent results. Red light is required for flowering and the combination with blue is great for the vegetative phase. Red light also assists in the breakdown of chlorophyll thereby encouraging more light and energy assimilation for plant development.
We also have the far-red light and it has a very low wavelength which is closer to infrared wavelength. If you want abundant yield, far-red should be used. Far-red will help accelerate the growth process of the plant every time they go into the nighttime state.
Violet Or Purple Light
Violet with its short wavelength and higher amount of energy boosts the flavor and color of vegetables and fruits. This color will also boost the number of antioxidants present in plants.
How Does Yellow Light Affect Plant Growth?
Yellow light does not really have much effect on plant growth and no significant plant benefits have seen with yellow light.
Because plants are already green, green light is usually reflected by plants thus does not have much effect on them. However, plants can assimilate just a little portion of green light for their photosynthesis process.
Ultraviolet light has been known to be detrimental to life forms, especially in too much dose. Therefore, the high intensity of UV light is as well detrimental to plants growth.
Conclusion On Does The Color Of Light Affect Plants Growth
We can now conclude that red and blue light has the most significant effect on plant growth.
With that said, we hope you now have an understanding of plant growth under different colors of light. Ensure you are enlightened on how the light intensity affects plants’ growth and yield.