How To Propagate a Fig Tree? – Efficient Method

Last Updated on July 9, 2022 by Griselda M.

In this guide, we will learn how to propagate a fig tree and provide it with the right growing conditions that this plant requires.

A Fig tree is a large, deciduous tree. It grows best in full sun and well-drained soil. It can be propagated from seed, grafts, or cuttings.

The best time to plant a fig tree is during spring. This tree is drought tolerant but needs regular watering to survive.

If you are looking to buy a fig tree, we recommend you purchase one from a reputable nursery. Fig trees take at least 10 years to grow to maturity.

What To Consider When You Propagate a Fig Tree
How to Grow Figs by Planting Fig Cu...
How to Grow Figs by Planting Fig Cuttings Directly in the Ground

Best Time To Propagate a Fig Tree: If you want to have a good quality fig tree, then it should be planted during spring. This is because fig trees need lots of sunlight and it also needs a good amount of water. The best time to plant a fig tree is from April to May. However, the fig trees can be planted throughout the year as they do not require winter dormancy.

Location For Propagating Fig Tree: The fig tree requires ample sunlight. Therefore, you need to place it where it gets direct sunlight. The best location for this tree is a sunny spot. You can either use a pot or directly plant this tree in the ground.

What To Consider When You Propagate Fig Tree

Watering And Feeding Fig Trees: A fig tree requires a lot of water. So, you need to make sure that you provide your fig tree with a sufficient amount of water. If you have an irrigation system, then you don’t need to worry about watering. But if you don’t have an irrigation system, then you should take care of watering your fig tree manually. You should provide your fig tree with enough amount of water at least twice a week.

Feeding Fig Tree: The fig tree is a deciduous tree which means it requires lots of nutrients. You need to feed your fig tree every month. You should add high-quality fertilizer to your soil.

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How To Propagate Fig Trees

The propagation of a fig tree is quite simple. You can either propagate your fig tree by seeds, cuttings or grafting. However, if you want to make the process easier, you can use a container that will help you to plant a fig tree without worrying about the root system.

How To Propagate Through Seeds

Seeds are used for direct seeding. You can sow the seeds directly in your garden or in a pot. This is the most popular method for propagating fig trees.

The seeds germinate best when the temperature is between 65 to 75 degrees F (18 to 24 degrees C). When you sow the seeds, you should place them in a soil mix with a high-nitrogen fertilizer. You can also use a mixture of compost and peat moss.

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To get the right soil mix, you need to add organic matter to the soil, like compost and peat moss. Add four to six inches of the mixture of soil, compost and peat moss to the pot.

Make sure that the mixture is moistened thoroughly before sowing the seeds. If the soil is dry, then it will be difficult to germinate the seeds. When the seeds start sprouting, cover the seeds with a thin layer of mulch or a sheet of plastic to keep the seedlings warm. The best time to sow the seeds is during spring.

How To Propagate Through Cuttings

For this method, you will need a cutting from your tree. You can take cuttings from the branches that have a lot of leaves or from the branches that have no leaves.

To make sure that the branch has no leaves, you can remove all the leaves except the bud. Then, soak the cuttings in water for at least one hour.

Place the cuttings in a shallow tray filled with a rooting hormone. Make sure that the soil mix in the tray is moistened before placing the cuttings in it.

Place the tray inside a lighted area that has a temperature between 65 to 75 degrees F (18 to 24 degrees C). The best time to plant cuttings is during spring.

How To Propagate Through Grafting

For this method, you will need a branch with a lot of leaves from your fig tree. You can use a softwood branch that is not more than two inches in diameter. You will need a hardwood branch that is more than three inches in diameter.

After you remove all the leaves from the branches, soak them in water for at least one hour. Cut the branches at a 45-degree angle and remove the bark. You will need to remove all the wood from the branches so that they are just bare branches.

To do this, you can use a knife or a pair of pruners. Make sure that the branches are clean of any wood or other materials.

Then, insert the hardwood branch into the softwood branch. Make sure that the two branches are inserted deeply enough so that they are firmly held together. Wrap the roots of the softwood branch with aluminum foil.

Place the wrapped softwood branch in a shallow tray filled with a rooting hormone. Place the tray in a lighted area with a temperature between 65 to 75 degrees F (18 to 24 degrees C). The best time to plant grafts is during spring.

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Final Remarks

If you are looking to propagate a fig tree you can follow the above guide to help you propagate from seeds, cuttings or grafting.  In a few years, you will enjoy figs from your own tree for the rest of your life.

FAQ’s

Can you grow a fig tree from a cutting?

Yes, it is possible to grow a fig tree from cuttings taken from the rootstock of an established tree. It is, however, important to use the right rootstock as it will determine the type of fig tree that you will grow. The rootstock determines the number of leaves and flowers on the tree, the length of the flowering season, the shape of the fruit, the colour of the fruit and the size of the fruit.

Can you root fig tree cuttings in water?

Yes, you can do this. You can either keep the cuttings in moist soil or in water. The best time to root fig tree cuttings is when they are dormant. Cuttings should be kept at a constant temperature of between 10-25°C and at a relative humidity of 50 - 80%.

When should fig trees be propagated?

Fig trees can be propagated at any time during the year. It is important to remember that figs have a very long flowering period, which means that they cannot be propagated all year round. During the summer months, fig tree cuttings should be taken from the rootstock of an established tree. In the autumn and winter, fig tree cuttings can be taken from dormant rootstocks of fig trees.

How long does it take for a fig tree cutting to root?

It can take anywhere from 3 months to 1 year. It depends on the age of the cutting, the size of the fruit, and the conditions of the rootstock.

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