Raising Fishing Worms: Best Way to Build a Worm Box

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Last Updated on March 16, 2023

If you love fishing, you will want to know how to build a worm box for raising fishing worms, to have the best bait for that large catch.

Worms make the best bait for fishing; you should read them more if you are an avid fisherman. Constantly buying worms can hurt your wallet deeply, and you don’t want always to have to stop at the bait shop either. For this reason, most people are serious about growing worms if they are serious about fishing.

Worm farms are pretty common and useful not just for creating an endless supply of fishing bait but for having fun as you do it. In this article, you have everything you need to know to make a worm bed for fishing.

What is a Worm Box or a Worm Farm?

A worm farm is a collective group of worms growing together. Worms are established as means of composting or recycling food and other organic wastes, with the aim of creating nutrient-rich fertilizer and compost manure fit for gardening.

However, did you know worm farms can be used for fishing? Yes, they not only make good composting manure, but they also make excellent fishing bait. It is a 2 in 1 cycle, which recycles old food while also creating an endless supply of live fishing bait.

What Is A Worm Box Or A Worm Farm

Materials: Worm Box for Raising Fishing Worms

Did you know you can make your worm farm? Here are all of the materials you will need to make your very own.

  • 2 Plastic bins + lids. You will need a couple of plastic bins to make a home for the worms. Get plastic containers that are between 18 and 24 inches wide and at least 12 inches deep. The larger the bins, the bigger the worm farm will be. Ensure that your plastic bins come with snap-on lids.
  • Worms. You will need the worms for your farm. You might need to dig them up from your garden or buy some at a local bait store. Start with a dozen worms to get the ball rolling.
  • A drill. The drill helps you make the required modifications to the plastic bins in readiness for use.
  • Newspaper. The newspaper will be used as bedding for the worms, as well as a way to hold a lot of moisture in your worm farm.
  • A flowerpot or brick, or something similar. These will help in separating one bin from the other.
  • Food waste. Food waste is what will feed the worms. Try using fruit and vegetable scraps and avoid overly greasy foods, bones, and meat.

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How to Build a Worm Box: Raising Fishing Worms

Having gathered all the materials needed, you are now ready to build a DIY worm box for raising fishing worms. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to set it up.

Prepare the first bin

First, prepare the bin for use. Remember, one container will do inside of the other. Mark at least 24 holes spots using a pencil or a pen – small and evenly spaced holes. You will then use a drill to make each of these holes. These holes allow water to drain out of the first bin so that the worms don’t drown. You will need to drill roughly 40 spots on the sides of this bin. 10 holes on each side of the bin and another 20 on the lid. These holes allow optimum airflow to circulate the bin. Be sure to do this only to the first bin. The second bin remains untouched.

Stack up the bins

Put the first bin that you drilled holes in and place it on top of the second one. Take the second bin, the untouched one, and brick or the flowerpot, or anything else similar, and place it inside, in the middle of this bin. The brick or flowerpot separates the unaltered bin and the bin with holes to allow water to drain out with holes into the new bin.

Prepare the bedding from the newspaper

Take a bunch of newspapers and prepare the bedding by shredding it into long and thin pieces enough to fill up about 1/3 or ½ of the bin. Don’t compact the shredded newspaper together or squeeze it down; instead, keep it relatively loose. Soak the shredded newspapers in water to make them wet and spongy.  This is now ready bedding for the worms and a good source of moisture. The newspaper does not compose, so they are the best to use.

Add the worm food

With the bedding laid, you can now add the food scraps. Add all sorts of bread, fruits, and vegetables. Remember that grease, meat, and bones are not ideal for this kind of worm, so keep them away. Worms will grow and reproduce best when given veggies and fruits. This also helps them make the best compost for your garden because nothing is rotting away in meat form. Try to provide them with nonacidic things like citrus, coffee grounds, etc.

Add the worms

The next step is to add the worms into the ready bin after adding all the food scraps. We recommend starting with at least 1 dozen worms, but you can add more. If you have time to grow worms from a small number, you don’t have to add many. They reproduce rather quickly, and soon enough, you will have more worms.

Read more about Do Tomato Worms Bite?

Cover it all up

With the worms and the food scraps in, it’s time to cover up your warm box. Take some flat sheets of newspaper, wrap them around the bedding from the top, and put a lid on it. This keeps your worm farm dark enough and moist, just like the worms like it. It also helps to keep predators out, and it will keep the worms from escaping.

Cover It All Up

How to Make a Worm Farm for Fishing

There are plenty of ways to make your worm farm. Let’s take a closer look at another one of our favorites. The supplies you’ll need for this worm farm are as follows:

  • electric drill
  • 2 8-10 gallon plastic bins
  • two bricks
  • newspaper shredding
  • cardboard
  • 1lb of worms

Now all you need to do is:

  1. Drill 30 holes evenly apart in the bottom of each bin; around 1/4 inch each in size. Then around the tops of both totes, drill holes to allow air to circulate; around 1/16 inch in size. Do the same for one of the lids, but not the second.
  2. Once you’ve shredded your newspaper, place it in water and squeeze.
  3. With the hole-less lid, place it on the ground with two bricks on, and then place a tote onto the two bricks. Add a few inches of damp shredded newspaper, along with some soil. Once arranged, add your worms.
  4. Spray your piece of cardboard with water and place it over the shredding. Your worm farm is ready to go!
  5. You should ensure their bedding is kept damp at all times and that they’re being fed well. They should also be kept in a cool, shady area, for best results. This amount of worms will usually eat around 3lb of food a week. You can feed them almost anything, but it’s best to avoid fatty and oily foods.

Breeding Worms for Fishing: Best Species

There are many types of worms you can use to breed for fishing, but some are better than others. For example, I’ve found that both Red Wrigglers and Red Worms are the best. They’re easy to grow yourself in your worm bin, as well as being the ideal fishing bait.

How to Store Worms

You can store worms in a range of environments, as they’re quite hardy creatures. However, the most important thing is that they have good ventilation and air source at all times. Options you may like to consider are buckets or hessian sacks.

How to Raise Earthworms for Fishing

You may choose that you’d like to grow earthworms to use as bait instead, and this is another great choice. Earthworms are good because they can grow almost anywhere, as long as they have good drainage and organic matter. It’s important that the bedding (usually shredded newspaper) is kept moist and cool. Other than that, earthworms are easy to raise!

Raise Earthworms

How to Raise Nightcrawlers for Fishing

Another choice you may like to consider using as bait is nightcrawlers. The best way to do this is by using a bin. Start with a small number of worms, around 1-10lb. Add to the bin with bedding and feed once a day. It’s also important to keep the bedding cool and moist, so check regularly. You should also only feed when the previous feed is gone. Overfeeding your nightcrawlers can cause problems. And it’s as easy as that – you’ll have nightcrawlers ready for bait in no time at all!

Wrap-Up: Raising Fishing Worms

It is pretty simple to learn how to make a worm farm for fishing, and you can DIY your own. You don’t have to buy bait every time you go fishing, but you can keep your own and even sell it to others who love to go fishing. Now go catch that trout, and don’t forget to share it with us!

Do you have any tips or tricks when it comes to raising fishing worms? If so, please feel free to let us know in the comments below. And remember, sharing is caring!


How do you make a worm box for fishing?

There are many different ways to make a worm box. The simplest is just to use the bottom of a plastic bucket. Put some dirt or sand in it and put a piece of cardboard on top. Make sure you put something over the hole where the worms come out. If you want, you can make a lid for it that just fits on the bucket and has holes in it so the worms can get out.

Also, you can use a cardboard box, but it has to be really sturdy. The first thing I would do is cover the bottom with newspaper. Then I would put a layer of sand on top of the newspaper.
Then I would put a layer of peat moss. That should give you a good start. I know there are other things you can put in there, but I don't want to overwhelm you too much. Then you just need to fill it with water. Make sure the worms are in there and then put the lid on. And that's it. A: If you have a worm box, you can keep it in your garage or anywhere else that isn't too cold. But I wouldn't leave it outside for long periods of time. Worms will die if they aren't kept moist.

How fast do worms reproduce?

The reproduction of a worm depends on the species. But most often it is very fast and can be in the range of weeks. The lifespan of an earthworm varies from several weeks to several years. They can survive in dry conditions for a long time and some species can even survive outside. There are also species that reproduce very slowly.

For example, if you look at the biology of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, it takes about 7 days for an adult worm to produce eggs. During that time, the adult worm spends most of its life eating. The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans takes about 7 days to produce eggs.

What to feed fishing worms?

There are many different kinds of worms and what they eat varies from species to species. One thing to keep in mind is that if you do have a worm bin, you can use any food you like. Just be sure that the food you choose is not too fatty or high in protein, as you will get fewer worms when they are feeding. If you are using an aquarium, you may want to consider using a mixture of dried bloodworms and ground-up earthworms. You can find these at the pet store and they are cheap.

How often should I water my worm farm?

Water it once a week.

You can check the water level in a tank by opening the top. If the water level is low, you can add more. If it is high, you can add less. You can use a small plastic cup to measure the water level.

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